Agreements

An intergovernmental agreement (IGA) is an agreement made between the Commonwealth and state and territory governments. While IGAs are not legally binding, they express the commitment of governments to work together on certain objectives or goals. Most IGAs commence as soon as they are signed by the Commonwealth and one state or territory.

When an agreement involves funding from the Commonwealth to the states and territories, this is covered under the IGA on Federal Financial Relations. This IGA recognises that the states and territories have primary responsibility for many areas of service delivery but that coordinated action is necessary to respond to Australia’s economic and social challenges. Under the IGA on Federal Financial Relations, payments to the states are outlined through schedules to one of five overarching sectoral Federation Funding Agreements (Health; Education and Skills; Infrastructure; Environment; and Affordable Housing, Community Services and Other), or through one of the National Agreements.

The Council on Federal Financial Relations (CFFR) is the gatekeeper of the Federation Funding Agreements framework and makes sure that agreements are negotiated and administered efficiently.

For current and past funding agreements, see the Federal Financial Relations website.

Intergovernmental agreements

The Intergovernmental Agreement on data sharing commits all jurisdictions to share public sector data as a default position, where it can be done securely, safely, lawfully and ethically.
The agreement is to establish a widespread uniform scheme for automatic mutual recognition (AMR) for the purpose of streamlining occupational registration processes where individuals seek to work in a second or subsequent jurisdiction.
This Intergovernmental Agreement supports strengthened collaboration and cooperation between the Commonwealth and the States and Territories to respond consistently and effectively to per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) contamination.
The Northern Australia Indigenous Development Accord (the Accord) is an intergovernmental agreement to progress Indigenous economic development as a critical part of the Northern Development Agenda.
This IGA builds on the 2008 Intergovernmental Agreement and supports the objectives of the Murray-Darling Basin Plan (the Basin Plan), which passed through the Commonwealth Parliament in November 2012.
This agreement reflects both Governments’ shared responsibility for the National Disability Insurance Scheme and locks in arrangements for both Governments to make ongoing, up-front funding contributions to the scheme.